Sleeve Balun

How to build a sleeve balun.

A collection of notes on how others have designed and built sleeve baluns.

Fred, N1DPM, had great success using a Sleeve Balun with his LFAs.

Based on Fred's success John, K1OR, built several of them for his home station LFAs on 222 and 432 MHz. Below are the 144 MHz versions that John built for the N4EME Rovers LFAs.

K1OR's 2M LFA sleeve balun for N4EME

using 1/2" copper tube and RG402.

Sleeve = 246/Fmhz = free space length 
Sleeve = 246/Fmhz X VF = electrical 1/4 wavelength 
A cover cap from a PL259 or N Type connector slips over the open end.
Red heatsink is placed over the copper tube where the tube intersects with the driven element of the LFA.
The centre of the RG402 is attached to one side of the driven element feed point whilst a short section of copper wire is attached from the outer shield of the RG402 to the other side of the driven element feed point.

Notes from KG4ZNC

2 Meter Balun 
A simple and effective sleeve type balun is easily built. 
Cut a 22 inch length of coax. Remove the outer insulation completely. By pushing the shield wire toward 
the center it will expand like the old finger puzzles. Remove the shield wire. This will become the sleeve
On the coax cable that is to be used to feed the antenna, measure back 22 inches from the end which 
is to be connected to the antenna. Remove approx.1 inch of the outer insulation between the 22 and 23 
inch marks. 
Slide the 22 inch shield wire, removed earlier, over this coax and down to the bottom of the exposed 
area. This connection between the shield and sleeve may be soldered or simply secured by wrapping with 
multiple turns of small gauge wire. The exposed shield wire (sleeve) should be covered completely by heat  
shrink tubing or wrapping with electrical tape. It may be water proofed by covering with silicone compound. 
This will leave 1.5 to3 inches of coax exposed at the feed end of the cable. Strip the insulation back 
about 1 inch from the end making sure that the sleeve you installed does not touch the shield at this point. 
Separate the coax shield (not the sleeve) from the inner conductor. Twist it together into a separate wire lead. 
Remove about 1/2 in. of the insulation from the inner conductor. Your BALUN is now ready to be connected 
to this antenna or any other antenna that requires a 1 to 1 balun for 2 meter operation. 
(does well on 440mhz also)  
This Balun can be adapted to any band. While the dimensions are not critical ( +/- 10%), it is still basically 
a mono band device. If multi band use is desired, I would suggest building the balun for the lowest frequency. 
While an electrical 1/4 wavelength should be adequate, I have only used free space measurements. 
Sleeve = 246/Fmhz = free space length 
Sleeve = 246/Fmhz X VF = electrical 1/4 wavelength 
If desired aluminum foil may be substituted for the coax shield in making the sleeve, it is 
not as rugged as coax shield. Avoid extreme bends in the coax as this may rip the foil.